Welding Processes Used in Large Diameter Pipe Welding

Gas, water, oil, and other liquids are all transported by pipelines from one location to another. Additionally, since all pipes should get built at a specific length, welding is required to unite pipes and create miles of pipelines. As a result, pipe welding in Brisbane is an essential task in building pipelines and a challenging career. Pipe and pipeline welding is necessary to lay new pipes or repair an existing pipe in the construction, oil and gas, water, fabrication, and nuclear energy sectors.

When pipes need to be linked, girth welding, which is done across their circumference, is commonly used. Pipeline welding has more difficulties than pipe welding in typical operations.

By using gas metal arc welding, you may weld pipes. 

Compared to the SMAW process, gas metal arc welding for pipes offers more productivity, but the welding factors have to be better controlled for effective, high-quality work. The advantages of GMAW include its high deposition efficiency (90 to 97%) and reduced fume formation. The cost of welding goes up since this is often done using automatic or semi-automatic machinery.

Using Shielded Metal Arc Welding 

Stovepipe welding, or shielded metal arc welding, is another name for this process. By using the heat produced by an electric arc, the electrodes are melted in SMAW to weld the pipes. The quantity of passes necessary for pipeline welding typically varies depending on the electrode size, welding location, and pipe thickness. Consider one pass for every 1/8-inch pipe thickness when using SMAW to weld pipelines. The typical range of electrode sizes for SMAW pipeline welding is 1/8 inch to 3.16 inches.

Submerged Arc Welding

The arc is invisible during the semi-automatic submerged arc welding process, which offers the best deposition efficiency compared to all other pipeline welding techniques. However, tracing is extremely challenging because of the invisible arc, even though such welding produces solid, defect-free welding surfaces.

Gas Tungsten Arc Welding

TIG welding uses tungsten electrodes to achieve high-quality pipeline welding, making it the preferred approach for important junctions needing precise welds. However, gas tungsten arc welding of pipelines has lower deposition rates and more expensive equipment.

Flux-cored Arc Welding Gas for Pipeline Welding

Shielded Semi-automatic equipment is used for flux-cored arc welding. Compared to GMAW, pipeline welding with this approach offers a wider working range in addition to great productivity and outstanding welding capabilities. However, the gas for the shield is typically disturbed by the wind, and this might result in porosity problems.

When utilizing self-shielded flux-cored arc welding, no additional shielding gas is required. Comparatively speaking to the gas shielded arc welding procedure, this has lower deposition rates.


Arc welding is used in pipe welding to join metal pipes. Although “pipe welding” and “pipeline welding” are occasionally used interchangeably, the two have a lot of similarities.

Pipe welding may be a challenging skill and may require working in uneasy or possibly dangerous conditions. Still, with the right knowledge, safety precautions, and guidelines, welding is frequently preferred over alternative pipe joining methods.